A Profitable Business
There is a huge demand - supply gap of more than two million tons of meat in India. It seems that the goat-farming will have assured and always ready market for a very long time to come in the domestic as well as export sector. It does not need electricity and so it has potential to develop as a large enterprise in states like Bihar. It has potential to eradicate poverty from a large quarter of the state and offers better hope than programmes like NREGA can do.It needs very low capital base to begin with and has a higher rate of return than dairy and poultry. If one buys 20 goats of one year age for 40,000 rupees, after a year he would have at least 80 goats to sell. Which gives a return of 80 x 2000 = Rs.1,60,000. Even if a farmer spends 60,000 on fodder one will get Rs.1,00,000 as profit. The farmer may get even higher return if the person staggers the sale and does it on the occasion of Dusshara, Holi, Id and Bakrid. It can be sold at one’s discretion. The only thing to keep in mind is the regular vaccination and proper shed management, where we would help them out. There is no enterprise to our mind which can offer this kind of assured return in agricultural sector of Bihar.
|Goat Farms Initiated By Anadi|
|Literature Distributed On Goat Farming|
|Anadi Goat Farmer Club|
This programme has to be popularised through distribution of pamphlets, booklets, handbooks, consultancy, mass meetings and other kind of awareness campaigns in the villages and that is our priority.
Most of the models of commercial goat farming have been developed by agro–entrepreneurs, who are primarily interested in selling meat products as well as breeder does and bucks to domestic and export market. Our model is based on providing free consultancy to small and medium farmers on various aspects of goat farming. We are not selling buck and does or goat products to any party. Secondly, unlike other models which are located at a particular place with hundreds of acres of farmland at their disposal, our model is based on numerous small farms and popular participation of thousands of farmers. We are a movement, a campaign for enhancing productivity and enterprise in the rural areas of Bihar.
In order to reach out to the common people we have adopted three pronged strategy. The first strategy is to approach people through personal contacts and distribute leaflets, pamphlets, and other motivational literature in the public gatherings, cattle fairs, buses and trains. Second effort is directed towards locating and training one anchor person in each district who can arrange our meetings in the villages, blocks and district headquarters. Third step would be to use local cable TV advertisements to disseminate the idea of goat farming and our free consultancy. We have already started getting some response from different corners of Bihar such as Barh, Samastipur, Darbhanga, Nawada, and Araria.
We have developed four schemes suitable to different sections of society. First scheme (Bronze Scheme) is for BPL families, organised in Self Help Groups. Each member of the SHG will keep 4 to 8 goats and therefore each SHG will have 40 - 80 goats. We will help them in problems related to finance, marketing, vaccine, and other aspects of the farming. The second scheme (Silver Scheme) is basically a test scheme, which promotes people to start goat farming with just 10 goats and if they find it profitable then they may go for larger units. Third one (Golden Scheme) would start with 40 goats and 2 bucks. This is also closer to NABARD scheme of goat farming. The last one (Diamond Scheme) would be taken up by resourceful and ‘thinking big’ people, which would start with 120 does and 6 bucks.
We have visualised three phases of our growth projection. In the first phase we would like to establish 25 base / model goat farms in the different parts of the state, which may be achieved during the current year 2010 itself. In the second phase we will try to expand the number of farms around these bases. We would also try to develop at least ten large goat farming clusters having at least 200 farms each. The third phase would be dedicated to the organisation of these farmers into some kind of cooperative federation to facilitate the procurements of medicines, fodders and better market price for their products. We do not know how much time it would take to reach this stage, but it would be our general direction of growth in coming years. Ultimately our dream is to make goat farming an Rs.5000 cr. industry in the state of Bihar. If you think you can help us achieve first 25 base/ model farms please join us in this effort.